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People typically tend to snort the drug through their nose. Or rub it into their gums. Some may even inject it directly into the bloodstream for instant effects. Another popular use of the drug is through the manufacturing of a rock crystal known as freebase cocaine. In this form, it is heated up, which produces vapors that will be inhaled directly into the lungs. This is what has been coined crack.
Drugs go on to affect the reward circuit of the brain. Which causes a swell of euphoria, and floods it with dopamine; a chemical messenger.
A normal reward system would serve as motivation to repeat certain behaviors that are needed to survive, such as the need to eat or drink. Added dopamine to the reward circuit will call for the repetition of acts that are pleasurable, even when they are unhealthy. This is why people will continue to consume drugs over and over again.
As a person will continue to abuse drugs, their brain would adapt by reducing the ability of the cells present in the reward circuit to respond to it. This is what reduces the high in comparison to the first time the drug is used.
Hence, people will continue to consume more of the drug, to achieve a greater high. The person then becomes less able to derive pleasure from activities that they once loved to do. Now, they have access to a quick fix.
Short term effects include increased alertness, surges of joy and paranoia, among others. They appear almost instantly due to the intensity of the drug, and will disappear within a minute time frame. The time frame during which the effects persist will depend on the method and amount of usage. From snorting, the high could last between 15 to 30 minutes. And from smoking, anywhere from 5 to 10 minutes. It is relatively short lived.
The drug has a harmful impact on the user’s body, which includes; nausea, dilated pupils, irregular heartbeat, raised body temperature, and constricted blood vessels.
In the long run, this could lead to a loss of smell, and frequent nosebleeds due to snorting the drug, including coughs and other respiratory diseases. It can also lead to hepatitis C, and collapsed veins – amongst other impairments of normal bodily functions.
Some long-term health effects depend on the method of use and include the following: