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Mental health disorders are very real. And they impact thousands of people around the globe. Even those, that are unable to identify the root cause.
The psychiatric rehabilitation will typically envelope two approaches; the actual treatment that is offered itself, and the rehabilitation process. The aspect of treatment will focus on reducing the symptoms that stem from the illness, exhibited by the patient.
Unlike a physical illness, where medication is provided to offer a complete cure, mental illnesses will typically require medication, alongside other forms of treatment as well.
The type of treatment that is provided to the patient will depend on a number of factors. Such as the diagnosis, their mental state, and their physical and emotional well – being. Often, people would require certain combinations of these treatments.
For instance, medication, therapy, hospitalization, counseling, etc.
The lines that demarcate treatment and rehabilitation can sometimes become a little blurred, and end up merging into each other.
Psychiatric rehabilitation focuses on allowing a person to return to their normal lives, and daily habits. So that they can achieve their life aims and goals easily.
Medical, psychological, and social input is provided. However, it is important to note that not all mental illnesses require rehabilitation. For numerous patients, allocating medication or a combination of medications would be sufficient to help the patient get back to living a normal life.
However, for others, rehabilitation would be a mandatory part of the path to recovery.
There are certain people with severe and chronic psychiatric illnesses. They may have bipolar disorder or suffer from schizophrenia. This means they may become mentally disabled and require rehab services to perform basic tasks.
In cases where disorders such as mental retardation are to arise, a process of rehabilitation is followed to help patients pick up their skills for daily tasks.
The process will eventually help patients develop a certain comfort level, and will help them garner the necessary social skills so that they can integrate themselves back into society. This will help them find meaningful roles for themselves, both inside and outside of work. Rehab will essentially help them find their identity, and prevent stigmas as well as discrimination.
The psychiatrist or rehab professional will assess which category the patient belongs to, and prescribe treatment according to that.
Most chronic illnesses come about during the critical ages of 18 – 24. This is also usually the age where people set certain life goals, and go on to achieve them. Once a person has been diagnosed with a mental illness, there will be a gap of months or even years, during which they may not be able to work and study optimally.
When friends and family become overprotective, it simply adds to the disability and makes it harder for the patient to get treatment.
The rehabilitation process will typically begin with a psychiatrist or mental health professional reaching out and speaking to the family of the patient. This will help them draw out the vital information needed for treatment.
Coaching may be carried out, to allocate a more suitable set of expectations to the patient, and help them get rid of undue pressure and burden, so that they are able to truly thrive.
The mental health professional will continually engage with the patient, to build a rapport and secure a safe space for the patient where they are truly able to think, act, and feel like their authentic selves.
At IPCRC, we ensure each individual leaves our facility feeling their happiest, sated, and best selves. Reach out to a team of experts, for some valuable advice and a sustainable way forward for your loved ones.
The aim of psychiatric rehabilitation is to promote the recovery process of the patient with the aim of being able to restore the patient’s health quickly so that the patient can participate in everyday and professional life again without physical or mental impairment. This means that participation in psychiatric rehabilitation can promote the healing process of the psychiatric illness and counteract an unfavorable course of it. In this way, an impending long-term disability, occupational disability or incapacity for work of the person concerned could be prevented.
However, it should be noted that, due to the individual course of the respective psychiatric illness, a worsening of the illness is possible for those affected, despite participation in psychiatric rehabilitation. In order to be able to positively influence the success of the treatment, it would be of great importance that the time of rehabilitation therapy should be adapted to the patient’s recovery process. Thus, the ideal time for possible participation in psychiatric rehabilitation is the time towards the end of the “acute therapy” of the respective psychiatric illness. This means that any necessary drug and psychotherapeutic treatment of the psychiatric illness should take place before the start of rehabilitation.
There are different types of psychiatric rehabilitation, each designed to attend to certain ranges of concerns. What they all share is their primary goals: To assist individuals to recuperate from an ailment, injury, surgical treatment, stroke, heart diseases or various other medical issues and also reclaim practical capabilities and freedom. Below we’ll outline 3 types of rehab treatment frequently utilized in treatment strategies made to fulfill those objectives.
Occupational Therapy aims at the development, maintenance or recovery of motor, social, cognitive, sensory and perceptual functions of people, of different age groups, with alterations, which can be genetic or traumatic, harmful to their routine performance.
In other words, Occupational Therapy seeks to help patients who have difficulties to perform daily activities, such as:
• Self-care tasks, such as brushing your teeth, showering, eating; • Various social activities, such as sports, work or study.
Sessions can be held in rehabilitation clinics, nursing homes, hospitals and even home care when needed.
By occupation, we can mention all the activities that keep the individual in control of his mental and physical capacity.
Occupational Therapy is essential for integrating individuals with certain disabilities into social groups. Promoting an improvement in your physical and mental health. To this end, methods that encourage patient participation in society and their autonomy in various social contexts are considered.
It is this area of health that works to connect people with the occupation they need or intend to perform, simplifying their personal and interpersonal routine. This is important for people who have motor, cognitive or social difficulties, whether due to trauma or congenital conditions.
For each clinical picture, there is an indication of treatment with specific methods. They will act directly in understanding and overcoming physical, emotional, cognitive or mental changes.
Occupational Therapy also works to assess the involvement of each patient in the occupations considered relevant to their life.
Physiotherapy is defined as a health science that studies, prevents and treats functional kinetic disorders occurring in organs and systems of the human body, generated by genetic alterations, by trauma and for acquired diseases, in primary, medium and high complexity care.
The physiotherapist as a health professional with higher academic education, qualified to construct the diagnosis of functional kinetic disorders, the prescription of physiotherapeutic procedures, ordering and inducing the patient, as well as monitoring the evolution of the functional clinical picture and the conditions for discharge from service.
Having body symmetry is essential to avoid low back pain, discomfort in the central region of the spine and more serious problems in the future, such as cervical lordosis. Thus, introducing physio into your routine is a way to reestablish your posture, improve postural habits and, consequently, your quality of life.
These problems occur for several reasons, such as the practice of physical activities or sports (also called sports injuries), physical efforts (such as weight-bearing), bad postural habits, constant use of technological means (which can cause poor posture); or any incident, such as a bruise.
Against this, a professional is highly qualified to perform this physical and functional rehabilitation, significantly reducing pain, even if muscle.
When the treatment of a specific injury is over, it is essential to continue the monitoring and, preferably, with your own physio. This is important so that the problem does not reappear, making the rehabilitation process more time-consuming and painful in the future.
The prevention of other possible injuries also happens because, with the procedure, your body and your muscles will strengthen and stay more balanced, suffering less impact when there is a situation that may cause a physical problem.
The therapy has a great functional aspect. In the cardiopulmonary area, with technical and specific exercises and with the maintenance of health, it is possible to treat and prevent risk factors and chronic diseases, such as obesity, pneumonia, hypertension, diabetes and even cancer. All this because, with the treatment, it is possible to have a positive impact on the whole body and on the patients’ minds.
Speech therapy is the science that acts in the rehabilitation of communication of children and adults, which can be altered for different reasons such as autism, syndromes, neurological disorders, hearing impairment, or even a language delay without any other associated factor. Speech therapy aims mainly to facilitate or improve the communication of the little ones.
Many people believe that speech therapists work only with children who ” speak wrong “. Although this is common in clinical practice, the professional can make a difference in many situations ranging from delayed speech and language to reading and writing difficulties, stuttering, autism, syndromes, craniofacial malformations, cerebral palsy, among others.
When speech therapy is performed with children, it is very common to involve the use of recreational activities, since the child learns while playing and retains more information when they are presented so that they can experience them, discover them and not only know them and accept them.
In addition to the improvements that directly reflect in the children’s speech, speech therapy has a series of effects that facilitate the daily lives of the little ones, and will continue to help over the years, reflecting even in adult life. Speech therapy can provide children with a way to communicate, and this has been linked to numerous benefits throughout life.
Many people have the perception that a speech therapist should be sought out only when there is a speech problem, but speech therapy treatment is much more than that. In addition to oral language, the speech therapist acts in the difficulties of written language, as in the cases of dyslexia, in addition to helping children with problems in voice, breathing and difficulties in swallowing, chewing or sucking.
When a child grows up with limited communication skills, or does not have functional speech, the speech therapist will work on social skills, through the use of diverse strategies such as video modeling, role-playing, specific therapy applications, social stories and other various strategies and tools. In this case, it is important to use assisted communication.
The advancement of language is entirely dependent on formerly obtained oral language. Learning to speak sounds correctly will ensure that exchanges of sounds in speech are not carried over to writing as well.
Communication is an essential skill and is intrinsic to the human being. We communicate through speech, facial expressions, gestures, eye contact, writing, typing and many other ways. It is then up to the speech therapist to assist the little ones on this path to efficient communication. The correct development of language, speech and hearing, help the little ones to establish communication with the world and provides them with the necessary confidence to seek new challenges, to learn, to establish connections.
Psychiatric rehabilitation centers offer treatment for individuals affected by mental disorders, comorbidities or chemical dependence, which aims to take this patient out of the crisis when they can put both their lives at risk and the lives of others.
The patient is admitted to a psychiatric hospital where he is attended 24 hours a day, every day of the week, food, medication and various activities, being accompanied by a team specialized in mental health. The team of professionals works with the patient and his family helping him in his improvement and good development so that he can have a better quality of life and be reinserted in society.
A drug treatment center in Islamabad promotes a complete and specialized treatment in both mental health and chemical dependency, providing patients with resources for a good recovery through appropriate and current treatments. Treatment is done through a diagnosis adjusted according to the type of psychiatric illness, the level of severity, and the risks that are involved with the individual.
In this way, a therapeutic project is elaborated, that is, a set of suggestions and recommendations for the patient, starting from the dialogue between the team of professionals, the individual being treated and his family, thus seeking to offer the appropriate care to each patient.
The treatment must be followed daily by a team of professionals specialized in mental health who have a multidisciplinary work with the objective of building a form of treatment suitable for the patient. The team consists of a psychiatrist, clinical doctor, psychologist, nurse, occupational therapist, nutritionist and physical educator.
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