What Is Alcohol?

Alcohol has been classified as a depressant. This basically means that is slows down the vital functions of the body, the results of which can be seen in the form of slurred speech, slow perception, and a significant reduction in reflexes. It is best understood as a drug that will lower the ability of a person to think rationally. And will distort judgement, and other capabilities.

Primarily, the amount of alcohol that is consumed is what determines the type of effect it will have. Most people consume it for the stimulant effect. What they call, loosening up.

But if a person begins to consumer more than their body can handle; that’s when it becomes a problem. They may lose coordination and control.

Alcohol overdose has severe depressant effects. Such as the inability to feel pain, toxicity, and the body will begin to vomit the poison. Losing consciousness may follow suit. This will greatly depend on the amount consumed, and how quickly it is done.

There are various different types of alcohol, such as ethyl alcohol.


Fermented drinks, such as beer and wine, contain from 2% to 20% alcohol. Distilled drinks, or liquor, contain from 40% to 50% or more alcohol. The usual alcohol content for each is:

  • Beer 2–6%
  • Cider 4–8%
  • Wine 8–20%
  • Tequila 40%
  • Rum 40% or more
  • Brandy 40% or more
  • Gin 40–47%
  • Whiskey 40–50%
  • Vodka 40–50%
  • Liqueurs 15–60%


Alcohol’s effects vary from person to person, depending on a variety of factors, including:

  • How much you drink
  • How often you drink
  • Your age
  • Your health status
  • Your family history

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